What Is Monkeypox And How Is Spreading In European Countries

The monkeypox virus belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus, which further consists of the variola virus, that also causes smallpox, and the vaccinia virus, that was utilised in the production for smallpox vaccine.

Monkeypox has symptoms related to smallpox, but it is considered less serious.

It was named after two epidemics of a pox-like disease that happened in lab monkeys held for research in 1958.

The virus's natural host is still unknown. However, the disease occurs in a variety of animals. Monkeys and apes, as well as a range of rodents (including rats, mice, squirrels, and prairie dogs), and rabbits, are identified to be carriers of the Monkeypox virus.

Whereas vaccination eradicated smallpox globally in 1980, monkeypox remains in a good amount of Central and West African nations and has emerged on occasion elsewhere.

The WHO has recognised two distinct subgenus, namely the West African subgenus and the Congo Basin subgenus, also known as the Central African clade.

This has since primarily been reported from rural and tropical forest areas in Western and Central Africa. Monkeypox is considered endemic in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Currently, two major varieties or clades of the virus have been identified: one in the Congo Basin (Central Africa) and the other from West Africa.

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